Room I is dedicated to stelae and statues with hieroglyphic inscriptions, which are arranged in chronological order. There is a statue of Ramses II on his throne in the centre. The architecture of the room, in Egyptian style, introduces the visitor to the world of the pharoahs. The part dedicated to the Old Kingdom (2575-2134 BC) has two funeral stelae with a false door and a fragment of a relief from a tomb showing a scene among the reeds. Three family funerary stelae of the 12th dynasty illustrate the Middle Kingdom (2000-1550 BC), while of the New Kingdom (1550-600 BC) there are offertory tables and funerary, votive and commemorative stelae, the most important of which dedicated by Hatshepsut and Thutmose III. An historical scarab of Amenonphis III and a scroll of Akhenaton represent the Amarna period (14th cent. BC), while a carved cult vase represents the period of the Ramses (13th-12th cent. BC). The late periods are illustrated by a group of statues of high officials, while Christian Egypt is represented by some Coptic inscriptions.