Collections OnlineGregorian Egyptian MuseumRoom VI

The ibis of the god Thot

Virtual Visit of this Room

A small room containing bronze figurines and votive objects that illustrate the beliefs of popular Egyptian folk religion.

Magic and protective arts
The first section regards magic arts and contains amulets and protective objects. A magical stela for healing from scorpion stings and snakebites, with an image of the child god Harpocrate (cat. 37433); - figurine of a hippopotamus which represents the evil forces, pierced with a harpoon (cat. 37377); - the tutelary spirit genius of children and of the Bes family (cat. 37401); - figurines of nature gods (cat. 37395).

Animals as "ex-votos"
The second section is dedicated to figurines of sacred animals offered as "ex-voto". In some cases the base of the figurines contains the body of the animal portrayed: - figurines of fish (cat. 37448, 37394, 37231); - the crocodile of the god Sobek (cat. 37378); - the bull Apis and his cow mother (cat. 18707, 37301); - the ichneumonid (called "the mouse of the pharaohs"), animal sacred to the sun god of Heliopolis, Atum (cat. 37232, 37387 37388); - the scorpion of the goddess Selket (cat. 37418); - the hawk of the god Horus (cat. 18506, 37414); - the cat of the goddess Bastet (cat. 18298, 37413); - some aspects of serpent-divinities (cat. 37217, 37384, 37385, 37428, 37441);

Divinity as "ex-votos"
Another classic type of "ex-voto" was that of the figurines of the divinities: - the goddess Hathor of Dendera (cat. 37201, 37446); - the goddess Neith of Sais (cat. 37262); - the goddess Sothis, that is the star the apparition of which announced the arrival of the flood of the Nile (cat. 37270, 37370); - a sign dedicated to the god Khonsu (cat. 37390); - the god Thot of Ermopolis (cat. 37267, 37374); - the god Amon of Thebes with a ram's head (cat. 37492), with underneath the triad of Thebes, that is to say the same Amon in human form with his wife Mut and son Khonsu (cat. 37211, 37283, 37419; - a group illustrating a famous legend: the lioness goddess Sekhmet (cat. 37381, 37410) who left Egypt furious and returned under the guise of the cat goddess Bastet (cat. 37409, 37445), then was calmed by the melody that emanated from a sistrum (cat. 37417) played by the god Osiris (cat. 37210, 37279, 37376, 37427); - the triad of Memphis: Ptah, Sekhmet and Nefertum (cat. 37213, 37230, 37264), with Imhotep, the famous visir of the pharaoh Zoser of the 3rd dynasty (2630-2611 BC), the architect who built his pyramid in Saqqara and was deified in the late era (cat. 37238); - some protagonists of the myth of Osiris: Osiris and Isis with their son Harpocrate, Horus, Nephtys and Anubi (cat. 20622, 37203, 37204, 37206, 37266, 37285).

Cult objects
Objects used for worship in the home are for example: - two votive emblems (cat. 38452, 18479); - a situla, the recipient used for sprinkling the sacred water of the Nile, with a carving of a scene of sacrifice offered for Osiris and Isis (cat. 18741); - a censer formed of a bronze staff decorated with incisions, with in the centre a small drawer for containing the incense and at the top the burner for the embers (cat. 1631).