Room VII houses a large collection of small Hellenistic and Roman bronzes and clay figurines (4th century BC - 2nd century BC) and some Islamic glazed ceramics (11th-14th century) from Egypt that belonged to the Grassi Collection and were donated to the Gregorian Egyptian Museum in 1952.
Small bronzes of Egyptian divinities
Egyptian divinities Hellenized under the Ptolemies and portrayed according to the rules of Greek iconography, such as Isis-Fortuna (cat. 15168), protectress of the city of Alexandria and Isis-Sothis (cat. 15623), seated on a dog which represents the constellation to which the star Sothis belongs; the Alexandrian Triad, Serapis, Isis and Harpocrate (cat. 20613, 20615, 20616, 37278), the latter shown in various forms (cat. 15620, 15629, 15637, 20611, 20612); particularly interesting is Harpocrate seated on a lotus flower, created according to a classical Egyptian iconography, but in the Hellenist style (cat. 15622); the goddess Demeter (cat. 15619); a priest in the robes of the god Anubi (cat. 15635); the benevolent serpent Agathodaimon (cat. 37389).
Alexandrian figurines in terracotta
Excavations uncovered a large number of these figurines with Hellenistic characteristics (4th1st century BC), called Alexandrians, mass-produced and distributed throughout the Mediterranean, portraying divinities, tutelary beings, geni, amulets, animals, knick-knacks, famous personages, masks, decorative or anecdotic subjects. Among the pieces exhibited are: - a dolphin (cat. 37575); - a theatre mask (cat. 37568, 36535, 37591, 37592); - female figurines, in particular the goddess Aurora (cat. 37594-36596); - African and Arab ethnic types of the Red Sea (cat. 37571, 37560, 37563, 37579, 37539, 37551, 37590); - grotesque personages (cat. 37552, 37589, 37554, 37583, 37573, 37569, 37582, 37541, 37559, 37588, 37584).
Hellenistic bronze figurines from Alexandria of Egypt: - Dionysus (cat. 37434); - simulacrum of an oinochoe in the form of a satyr (cat. 15630); - herma (cat. 15631); - wounded horsewoman (cat. 15628); - lions (cat. 18734, 38756, 38757); - various animals (cat. 38751, 38752, 37599, 37612); - elephant (cat. 37438); - portrait of Ptolemy, probably Ptolemy III Evergete (246-221 BC (cat. 16273); - personification of the city of Alexandria represented with an elephant skin on the shoulders (cat. 37630); - Narcissus (cat. 38769); - satyr (cat. 37633); - the god Attis (cat. 37609); - three Hermes (cat. 37632, 37619, 37626) ;- various images of Aphrodite (cat. 15621, 37644, 16300, 37604, 37643) and of Eros (cat. 38762, 38760, 37603, 37645, 37641, 37627, 37600, 37642); - pieces of furniture and parts of tools.
Objects from Christian Egypt
The objects in this showcase can be dated to between the 5th and 8th century AD and testify as to the diffusion of Christian liturgy and worship in Coptic Egypt. There are some fragments of vases with painted human figures (cat. 37681-37682); some oil lamps (cat. 15633, 37680); a recipient for incense used in liturgical ceremonies (cat. 38613); a terracotta ampulla for holy water (cat. 38775).
Objects from Islamic Egypt
The showcase contains various objects from Islamic Egypt, among which fragments of Islamic glazed ceramics of the 11th-14th centuries (cat. 38249, 38165, 38168, 38279, 38140, 38346, 38347, 38258, 38167, 38172, 38118); balm containers and perfume holders of the 8th-10th centuries (cat. 16614, 16626, 16627, 16628); weights and stamps for checking weight with financial value of the 8th-10th centuries (cat. 16618, 16619, 16620, 16621, 16622, 16623, 16605, 16607, 16604, 38614, 38221); copper candelabra of the 14th century (cat. 38113, 38114); a cup in glazed ceramic with metallic glints of the 11th-12th century (cat. 38116) and a set of jugs and cups of Persian manufacture of the 12th-13th centuries XII-XIII (cat. 38115, 38117, 38119).