The evocative route of the Upper Hemicycle is reserved for the collection of Italiot vases. The definition of Italiot ceramics usually covers that vast and articulated production of red-figure vases that develops in the heart of the Greek colonies of southern Italy and Sicily between the third quarter of the 5th cent. and the 4th cent. BC. The main productions are displayed in this room: from Lucania, Campania, Paestum and Apulia, with the sole exception of the Sicilian factories. A section has been dedicated to ceramics of the style of Gnathia which, with its openly pictorial taste for the polychrome technique on the shiny black background of the vase, at the same time marks the epilogue of ancient vase painting. A selection dedicated to the parallel manifestations of Etruscan ceramics brings the visit to an end.