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Battle of Constantine against Maxentius

The Battle of the Pons Milvius ( 312 A.D.) placed Constantine against his rival, marking the defeat of Maxentius (shown as he is about to drown in the river Tiber) and the victory of Christianity over the pagan world. The scene is set with topographical precision north of Rome with Monte Mario (on the left) where we can recognize Villa Madama, built in just those years by Raphael for the Pope. The initial project for this panel, as for the Vision of the Cross, must certainly have been by Raphael, but its execution is by his pupil Giulio Romano.