Attic Kylix of Oltos

Photogallery

Attic Kylix of Oltos
Attic Kylix of Oltos
Attic Kylix of Oltos
Attic Kylix of Oltos
Room XX. Astarita Collection. Greek and Etruscan ceramics

On the inner tondo a Maenad is depicted with a thyrsus and a snake wrapped around one arm. On the exterior two scenes are illustrated: A - possibly a battle between Heracles and the Amazons (very incomplete); B - Nestor, Antilochos and a scene of divining.
Nestor, identified with an inscription, is next to a youth with a short tunic, who offers a warrior the liver of a sacrificial victim for extispicium (divining through the examination of the liver of a sacrificed animal). The warrior, who wears a breastplate and chiton, a Corinthian helmet and Hoplitic shield (with a bull as an episemon), may be identified as Antilochos, son of Nestor and beloved of Achilles, and destined to perish at the hand of Memnon [cf. Amphora of the Painter of the Vatican Mourner]. On the right the scene is completed with a quadriga, which a figure wearing a long robe is about to mount; this personage is identifiable as Iris, messenger of the Gods. A young cloaked figure with an ivy leaf crown is depicted frontally.
The work is attributed to Oltos, one of the key figures of early red figure production, who favoured the decoration of kylikes, with recurrent epic themes from the Trojan cycle and Dionysiac subjects.